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What is there to know about headaches?

Headaches can be grouped into two groups. Those headaches belong to the first group that are the symptoms of another disease (hypertension, inflammation, the disease of the digestive tracts, hormonal disorders, the inflammation of the central nervous system or cancer). Those headaches belong to the second group where headache is the disease itself, such as migraine or tension headache.

What is there to know about migraine?

About 8-12% of the population has migraine, which means it affects the life of 800,000-1,200,000 people in Hungary. If the migraine attack is very intensive, the patient vomits and is unable to work, s/he would like to lie in a dark room, alone, because s/he is disturbed by noises and lights. Migraine could last for hours but occasionally even for 2 or 3 days. According to statistics, migraine affects more women than men. In many cases, it is observed as a cumulative illness within the family.

Migraine can start when the patient is a child, a teenager or an adolescent. It is often triggered by stress, connected to the monthly period or provoked by food (e.g. cheese, red wine, chocolate). About 10-15% of the patients have visual sensations (sparks, flashing lights) prior to the headache.

In a significant proportion of the cases, the headache is unilateral (one sided), spasmodic, pulsating but the side might change and it might be bilateral. Migraine headache can be intensified by physical exertion (e. g. taking the stairs). Nausea and vomiting are often the concomitant of migraine but bloating and constipation or, contrarily, diarrhea and excessive urination follow the migraine attack.

The pain could be so strong that noises and lights disturb the patient. The patient would like to be in a dark and noiseless room.

Patients who have migraine are usually valuable members of the society. Migraine more likely occurs with people who would like to match expectations in all fields of life, who would like to perform at the highest level and who are often stressed because it cannot always be accomplished. 

Frequent migraine that affects work, makes human relations more difficult and hinders spending one’s free time pleasantly must be treated because nowadays, migraine attacks can be soothed effectively, their number can be reduced and they can be prevented or even terminated.

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The treatment of migraine

 Migraine medications are being intensively developed throughout the world and nowadays, there are effective medications to prevent migraine or to soothe a migraine attack. Some non-medicated treatments have also been proven effective by international examinations.

As emphasized in the introduction, an examination must be carried out by specialists to determine which type of headache you suffer from and which treatment is the most optimal for you.

Only the advice of the doctors should be followed because each medication might have side effects. Painkillers taken in an excessive amount, without control, might cause or maintain the headache.

What is the use of a headache diary?

It is the patient’s duty to keep a record of his/her headaches in the headache diary. It makes the diagnosis of the type of the headache easier. It is also helpful when the causes are identified and when the optimal medication is selected. The part of the day, the length and the strength of the headache must be recorded, as well as which medication was effective and which was not.

Do not suffer from migraine any more, make an appointment with the specialists of MIND Clinic to eliminate your headache using effective medical procedures.

Tension Headache

Another very common type of headaches is tension headache. According to statistics, about 40-60% of the population is affected by this, meaning that millions of Hungarians have encountered a tension headache lasting for a shorter or longer period of time.

Characteristic features of a tension headache

Squeezing pain, which has a strength of 4-5 on a scale of 10 based on the opinion of patients. Muscles around the nape and the top of the head might be more sensitive. It is usually accompanied by discomfort and it might affect digestion negatively. Patients sometimes complain that it feels like “having a ton of weight” in their head. They might also mention a mild nausea.

Tension headache occurs to people who sit a lot in front of the computer and the monitor because the neck muscles are constantly contracted for hours, which can provoke this type of headache. Another reason might be the inadequate correction of vision, when the eye continuously has to adjust in order for sharp sight.

Chronic stress also plays a role in the development of tension headache, therefore, the stress factors of the environment have to be made clear, sometimes, there is a need for a psychological examination.

Tension headache worsens the quality of life but using medicated and non-medicated treatments, significant improvement can be reached.

Even though the selection of the optimal medication requires patience and - in some cases - trying out more types of therapies, in the majority of cases, good results can be reached in the treatment of migraine and tension headache within just a few of weeks.

Visit the specialists of MIND Clinic if:

-      you have suffered from migraine or tension headache for a long time

-      your treatment has not resulted in a significant improvement so far

-      you had not had headaches earlier but you started to experience them

-      the intensity, frequency or strength of your headaches has changed

-       Visit the Clinic by all means if your headache intensifies due to physical exertion or if you experience unusual symptoms (facial numbness, limb numbness, clumsiness, asymmetrical face, aphasia). In this case, visit a doctor immediately because these symptoms might imply a more serious illness.

Our specialists will see you in an exclusive environment. They only use such therapies that are suggested by Hungarian and international associations specialized in the field of headaches and that are based on evidences.

The professional director of our clinic and the medical director of DENT Neurologic Institute (NY, USA) Professor László Mechtleris one of the leading representatives of international headache medicine. With his leadership, 65 new, FDA-approved medications have been introduced to the United States market. If necessary, there might be a consultation with the professional executive staff of DENT. We also rely on the American experiences during the training of our colleagues. Our institution aims to be one of the centers of Hungarian headache treatment using state-of-the-art imaging and functional examinations and by creating research partnerships with large, international headache centers and pharmaceutical companies.

Take the first step towards your recovery: book an appointment by calling us on +36 70 905 30 80 or write an email to idopont@mind.hu.

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